Friday, August 12, 2022 AD / Muharram 14, 1444 AH
Mansoor Hashemi Khorasani
 New question: Please tell us about the ruling on missed prayer. Is there a way to make amends for missed prayers, of which we do not have an exact number? Click here to read or download the answer. New lesson: A lesson from His Honor about the fact that the earth is not empty of a man knowledgeable about the entire religion, whom God has appointed as a Caliph, an Imam, and a guide on it with His commandment; Authentic Hadiths from the Ahl al-Bayt that indicate it; Hadith No. 5. Click here to read or download it. New saying: Some advice from His Honor for his companions and followers. Click here to read or download it. Visit home to read the most important contents of the website. New letter: An excerpt from the letter of His Honor in which he mentions the fate of the past people, and warns the rulers of the earth. Click here to read or download it. New critique: In the verse of purification, God Almighty addresses all the wives of the Prophet, whereas Mansoor proves the guardianship of the Ahl al-Bayt by it, and considers it exclusive to Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Husain, peace be upon them. Click here to read or download the response. New remark: The remark “Inverted era” by “Elias Hakimi” has been published. Click here to read or download it. New video: A new video with the subject “The Call of Return to God” has been published. Click here to watch or download it. Visit home to read the most important contents of the website.

such as one about whom God Almighty has said: ﴿أَفَمَنْ زُيِّنَ لَهُ سُوءُ عَمَلِهِ فَرَآهُ حَسَنًا[1]; “Does someone whose badness of deed was adorned for him, considers it good”. The reason for this great failure and mistake is the existence of factors in the human being’s self that prevent him from obtaining knowledge despite observing; like curtains placed before his eyes that prevent him from seeing things; as God Almighty has said about unbelievers: ﴿الَّذِينَ كَانَتْ أَعْيُنُهُمْ فِي غِطَاءٍ عَنْ ذِكْرِي وَكَانُوا لَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ سَمْعًا[2]; “Those whose eyes were veiled against the remembrance of Me and were not able to hear”, and also has said: ﴿وَجَعَلْنَا مِنْ بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ سَدًّا وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ سَدًّا فَأَغْشَيْنَاهُمْ فَهُمْ لَا يُبْصِرُونَ[3]; “And We have set a barrier in front of them and a barrier behind them, so We have covered them, therefore they cannot see”. These ominous and dangerous factors are called “impediments to cognition”. Therefore, the intellect, although it requires cognition, achieves it if there is no impediment in its way, and if there is an impediment in its way, then it is not capable of it. For this reason, knowing the impediments to cognition and removing them are introductions to cognition and are therefore necessary.

The most important impediments to cognition are the following[4]:

1. Ignorance

Ignorance, in the sense of lack of knowledge, is the most important impediment, rather their origin; because its relation to cognition is like the relation of something to its opposite, and there is no impediment unless it has arisen from it; as God Almighty has said: ﴿كَذَلِكَ يَطْبَعُ اللَّهُ عَلَى قُلُوبِ الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ[5]; “In this way God seals the intellect of those who have no knowledge”.

[Necessity of knowing concepts and their examples]

It is clear that the intellect needs information in order to know an unknown thing, so that by combining them together, achieves its cognition;

↑[1] . Fatir/ 8
↑[2] . Al-Kahf/ 101
↑[3] . Ya-Seen/ 9
↑[4] . Perhaps the impediments to cognition can be considered as seven things; because they are the gates of Hell, and God Almighty has said: ﴿لَهَا سَبْعَةُ أَبْوَابٍ لِكُلِّ بَابٍ مِنْهُمْ جُزْءٌ مَقْسُومٌ (Al-Hijr/ 44); “There are seven gates for Hell, for each gate there is an appointed portion of them”.
↑[5] . Ar-Rum/ 59