Thursday, January 27, 2022 AD / Jumada al-thani 24, 1443 AH
Mansoor Hashemi Khorasani
(66) Democracy is nothing but the rule of the majority over the minority, and this means nothing but “the tyranny of the majority; because on the one hand, the majority of the people dominate the minority of the people and assign tasks to them simply because they are more numerous, while the minority of the people may be more knowledgeable and competent than the majority; as is usually the case and the elites, the wise, the scientists, and the pious make up the minority of society, and the ignorant, the lowly, the misguided and the sinners make up the majority. (Section: Articles and Remarks)
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Script of the lesson
 
Lesson 1 Chapter 1

Verse No. 5

قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى:

﴿وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ[1]

Translation:

God Almighty has said:

“God has promised those of you who believed and did righteous deeds that He will surely appoint them as Caliphs on the earth, as He appointed some people before them as Caliphs”.

[Considerations]

1 . أَخْبَرَنَا هَاشِمُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ الْخُجَنْدِيُّ، قَالَ: كُنْتُ جَالِسًا عِنْدَ الْمَنْصُورِ، فَأَقْبَلَ عَلَيَّ وَقَالَ: يَا هَاشِمُ! أَلَا تَرَى إِلَى هَؤُلَاءِ الضَّالِّينَ الَّذِينَ يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ لَمْ يُبَيِّنِ الْخِلَافَةَ فِي الْقُرْآنِ؟! أَتَرَاهُمْ يَجْهَلُونَ أَمْ يَتَجَاهَلُونَ؟! قُلْتُ: لَا أَدْرِي جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ، لَعَلَّهُمْ يَجْهَلُونَ، قَالَ: وَيْلَهُمْ، كَيْفَ يَجْهَلُونَ؟! وَقَدْ يَقْرَأُونَ فِي الْقُرْآنِ قَوْلَهُ تَعَالَى: ﴿وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ، أَيُرِيدُونَ قَوْلًا أَبْيَنَ مِنْ هَذَا؟! أَمْ يَحْسَبُونَ أَنَّهُ قَدْ أَخْلَفَ وَعْدَهُ فَلَمْ يَسْتَخْلِفْ فِيهِمْ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ فِي الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ؟! قُلْتُ: وَمَنِ اسْتَخْلَفَ فِي الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ؟ قَالَ: دَاوُودَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ، أَلَا يَجِدُونَهُ مَكْتُوبًا عِنْدَهُمْ فِي الْقُرْآنِ إِذْ يَقُولُ: ﴿يَا دَاوُودُ إِنَّا جَعَلْنَاكَ خَلِيفَةً فِي الْأَرْضِ[2]؟! فَاسْتَخْلَفَهُ وَأَمْثَالَهُ مِنَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَالصِّدِّيقِينَ، قُلْتُ: جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ، إِنَّهُمْ أَضَلُّ مِنْ ذَلِكَ، إِنَّهُمْ يَحْسَبُونَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ قَدِ اسْتَخْلَفَ فِيهِمْ كُلَّ مَنْ بَايَعُوهُ بَعْدَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِالْخِلَافَةِ! قَالَ: وَيْلَهُمْ، وَهَلْ بَايَعُوا بَعْدَ الْحَسَنِ إِلَّا كُلَّ جَبَّارٍ عَنِيدٍ؟! إِنَّمَا وَعَدَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَسْتَخْلِفَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْهُمْ وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ، وَمَا كَانَ اللَّهُ لِيَعِدَهُمْ خَيْرًا ثُمَّ يُعْطِيَهُمْ شَرًّا، بَلْ يُنْجِزُ وَعْدَهُ وَيَسْتَخْلِفُ فِي كُلِّ قَرْنٍ رَجُلًا مِثْلَ دَاوُودَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ، وَهُوَ أَكْثَرُهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَعَمَلًا لِلصَّالِحَاتِ، فَهَلْ يَعْرِفُونَهُ لِيَخْتَارُوهُ؟! كَلَّا، بَلِ اللَّهُ يَعْرِفُهُ وَيَخْتَارُهُ، ﴿وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ يَجْهَلُونَ[3].

Translation:

Hashim ibn Ubayd al-Khojandi informed us, he said: I was sitting next to Mansoor, then he looked at me and said: O Hashim! Do you not see these misguided people who think that God has not explained the Caliphate in the Quran?! Do you think they do not know or pretend to not know?! I said: I do not know, may I be sacrificed for you, maybe they do not know, he said: Woe to them, how do they not know?! While they read the words of God in the Quran that has said: “God has promised those of you who believed and did righteous deeds that He will surely appoint them as Caliphs on the earth, as He appointed some people before them as Caliphs”, do they want words clearer than these?! Or do they think that He has violated his promise, then He has not appointed anyone as a Caliph among them as He appointed among those before them?! I said: Who did He appoint as a Caliph among those before them? He said: Dawud, peace be upon him, do they not find him written in the Quran where He says: “O Dawud! We appointed you as a Caliph on the earth”, so He appointed him and others like him from among the Prophets and the righteous as Caliphs, I said: May I be sacrificed for you, they are more misguided than this! They think that God has appointed anyone among them as a caliph to whom they pledged Bay’ah (allegiance) as a caliph after the Messenger of God, peace and blessings of God be upon him and his household! He said: Woe to them, did they pledge Bay’ah to anyone other than rebellious tyrants after Hasan[4]?! Indeed, God promised to appoint those of them as Caliphs who believed and did righteous deeds, and it is not that God promises them good and then gives them evil, rather He fulfills His promise, and He appoints a man like Dawud, peace be upon him, as a Caliph in every era, and he is one whose faith and righteous deeds are greater than all of them, so do they know him to choose him?! Never, but God knows and chooses him, “but most of them do not know”.

2 . أَخْبَرَنَا ذَاكِرُ بْنُ مَعْرُوفٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ دَاوُودَ وَعَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ حَبِيبٍ وَغَيْرُهُمْ، قَالُوا: كُنَّا جَمَاعَةً عِنْدَ الْمَنْصُورِ وَهُوَ يَنْكُتُ الْأَرْضَ وَيَقُولُ بِهَمْسٍ: مَا قَدَرُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ قَدْرِهِ! مَا قَدَرُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ قَدْرِهِ! مَا قَدَرُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ قَدْرِهِ! ثُمَّ رَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ إِلَيْنَا وَقَالَ: اكْتُبُوا! فَأَخَذْنَا نَكْتُبُ، فَقَالَ: مَا قَدَرُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ قَدْرِهِ إِذْ قَالُوا: «مَا جَعَلَ اللَّهُ مِنْ خَلِيفَةٍ فِي هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةِ»، وَقَدْ عَلِمُوا أَنَّهُ جَعَلَ فِي الْأُمَمِ مِنْ قَبْلِهَا، وَمَا كَانَ لِيُبَدِّلَ سُنَّتَهُ إِلَّا إِذَا أَخْبَرَ عَنْ تَبْدِيلٍ، وَقَدْ أَخْبَرَ عَنْ خَتْمِ النُّبُوَّةِ، وَلَمْ يُخْبِرْ عَنْ خَتْمِ الْخِلَافَةِ، بَلْ قَالَ فِي الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ مِنْ هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةِ: ﴿لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ، فَقَدْ بَقِيَتْ سُنَّتُهُ فِي اسْتِخْلَافِ رِجَالٍ مِنَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ بَعْدَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ ثَابِتَةً إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ، وَإِذَا ذَكَّرْتُ بِهَا هَؤُلَاءِ الَّذِينَ نَسُوهَا يُطَالِبُونَنِي بِالْبَيِّنَةِ، وَمَا الْبَيِّنَةُ إِلَّا عَلَيْهِمْ؛ لِأَنَّهُمْ يَدَّعُونَ تَبْدِيلَ سُنَّةٍ يُقِرُّونَ بِثُبُوتِهَا فِي الْأُمَمِ السَّابِقَةِ، وَأَنَا أُنْكِرُهُ، وَقَدْ عَلِمُوا أَنَّ الْبَيِّنَةَ عَلَى الْمُدَّعِي وَلَيْسَتْ عَلَى الْمُنْكِرِ! ثُمَّ إِنِّي قَدْ جِئْتُهُمْ بِبَيِّنَةٍ، وَهِيَ مَا أَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ، فَيُحَاجُّونَنِي بِفِعْلِ آبَائِهِمْ! يَقُولُونَ: «أَنْتَ أَفْقَهُ أَمِ الصَّحَابَةُ وَالتَّابِعُونَ؟!»، وَهُمْ يَرْوُونَ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ: «رُبَّ حَامِلِ فِقْهٍ وَلَا فِقْهَ لَهُ، وَرُبَّ حَامِلِ فِقْهٍ إِلَى مَنْ هُوَ أَفْقَهُ مِنْهُ»، وَيَقُولُونَ: «هَذِهِ بِدْعَةٌ»، وَمَا الْبِدْعَةُ إِلَّا مَا أَحْدَثَ آبَاؤُهُمْ فِي السَّقِيفَةِ، إِذْ نَسُوا حَظًّا مِمَّا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ كَمَا نَسَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ، فَقَالُوا: «مِنَّا أَمِيرٌ وَمِنْكُمْ أَمِيرٌ»، ثُمَّ بَايَعُوا أَبَا بَكْرٍ وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ لَمْ يَأْمُرْهُمْ بِمُبَايَعَتِهِ، فَقَالَ عُمَرُ لَمَّا سُقِطَ فِي أَيْدِيهِمْ: «كَانَتْ بَيْعَةُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَلْتَةً وَقَى اللَّهُ شَرَّهَا، فَمَنْ عَادَ إِلَى مِثْلِهَا فَلَا بَيْعَةَ لَهُ»، فَعَادَ إِلَى مِثْلِهَا كُلُّ عَائِدٍ فَبَايَعُوهُ وَقَالُوا: «هَكَذَا كَانَتْ بَيْعَةُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ»! فَاتَّبَعُوا عُمَرَ فِيمَا أَخْطَأَ وَلَمْ يَتَّبِعُوهُ فِيمَا أَصَابَ! فَإِذَا ذَكَّرْتُهُمْ بِهَذَا لِيَتُوبُوا وَيُصْلِحُوا تَأْخُذُهُمُ الْحَمِيَّةُ حَمِيَّةُ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ، يَقُولُونَ: «يَا وَيْلَتَى! أَتُخَطِّئُ أَبَا بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ؟!» وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهُمَا لَمْ يَكُونَا إِلَهَيْنِ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ وَلَا نَبِيَّيْنِ مِنْ بَعْدِ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ، وَإِنَّمَا كَانَا رَجُلَيْنِ صَالِحَيْنِ أَصَابَا فِي شَيْءٍ وَأَخْطَئَا فِي شَيْءٍ، وَمَا كَانَ لِمُؤْمِنٍ أَنْ يَتَّبِعَهُمَا فِيمَا أَخْطَئَا فِيهِ، وَقَدْ خَالَفَهُمَا الصَّحَابَةُ فِي كَثِيرٍ مِنَ الْأَمْرِ، وَأَفْتَى الْفُقَهَاءُ بِخِلَافِ مَا أَفْتَيَا بِهِ فِي مَسَائِلَ كَثِيرَةٍ، فَلَمْ يُنْكِرْ هَؤُلَاءِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَمْ يَقُولُوا: «يَا وَيْلَتَى! خَطَّأُوا أَبَا بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ»! حَتَّى إِذَا جَمَعْتُ لَهُمْ مَا فَرَّقُوهَا عَلَيْهِمْ وَجِئْتُهُمْ بِهَا بَيْضَاءَ نَقِيَّةً كَبُرَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ وَقَالُوا: «هَذَا دِينٌ جَدِيدٌ»! وَمَا هُوَ بِدِينٍ جَدِيدٍ، بَلْ هُوَ الدِّينُ الْأَوَّلُ، إِلَّا أَنْ يُرِيدُوا بِالْجَدِيدِ مَا يَرْوُونَهُ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْعَثُ فِيهِمْ رِجَالًا يُجَدِّدُونَ لَهُمْ دِينَهُمْ، فَقَدْ جَدَّدْتُ لَهُمْ دِينَهُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا انْدَرَسَ، وَلَا أَمْلِكُ لَهُمْ مِنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئًا، وَمَا أَنَا عَلَيْهِمْ بِحَفِيظٍ!

Translation:

Zakir ibn Ma’roof and Ali bin Dawud and Abdullah ibn Habib and others informed us, they said: We were a group in the presence of Mansoor, while he thoughtfully was touching the ground and saying slowly: They did not know God as He deserves to be known! They did not know God as He deserves to be known! They did not know God as He deserves to be known! Then he raised his head toward us and said: Write! So we started writing, then he said: They did not know God as He deserves to be known, when they said: “God did not appoint a Caliph in this nation”, whereas they know that He appointed in the previous nations, and He never changes His tradition, unless He Himself announces a change, and He has announced the end of the Prophethood and has not announced the end of the Caliphate, rather has said about those of this nation who believed and did righteous deeds: “He will surely appoint them as Caliphs on the earth, as He appointed some people before them as Caliphs”, therefore, His tradition of appointing men of faith and righteous deeds as Caliphs after the Prophet, peace and blessings of God be upon him and his household, remains valid until the Day of Judgment, but when I remind it to those who have forgotten it, they ask me for proof , whereas proof is only on them; because they claim a change in the tradition which they acknowledge its establishment in the previous nations, and I deny the change, and they know that the onus of proof rests on the claimant, not on the denier! However, I have given them proof, and it is verses of the Quran that I read to them, but in response to me, they cite the work of their fathers! They say: “Are you more learned or the companions and the followers?!”, whereas they themselves narrate from the Messenger of God, peace and blessings of God be upon him and his household: “Many are those who carry knowledge but have no knowledge themselves, and many are those who convey knowledge to one more learned than themselves”[5], and they say: “This is Bid’ah”, whereas Bid’ah was what their fathers founded in Saqifah[6], when they forgot a portion of what they were reminded of, as the past people forgot[7], then they said: “Let there be an emir from among us and an emir from among you”[8], then they pledged Bay’ah to Abu Bakr, whereas they knew God has not commanded them to pledge Bay’ah to him, then, when the damage was done, Umar said: “pledging Bay’ah to Abu Bakr was a hurried and ill-considered action[9] which God protected against its evil, so whoever repeats such a thing, there is no Bay’ah for him” [10], But every repeater repeated such a thing, and they pledged Bay’ah to him and said: “Pledging Bay’ah to Abu Bakr was just like that”! Then they followed Umar in his mistake and did not follow what he said correctly! So when I remind them of this so that they may repent and reform, ignorant prejudice overtakes them, they say: “Alas! Are you saying that Abu Bakr and Umar made a mistake?!”, whereas they know that those two were not gods other than God or prophets after Muhammad, peace and blessings of God be upon him and his household, but were two righteous men who did right in some things and did wrong in some things, and no believer may follow those two in their mistakes; as the companions opposed those two in many affairs, and the jurists issued fatwas contrary to the fatwas of those two in many matters, and these people did not blame them either and did not say: “Alas! They considered Abu Bakr and Umar to be wrong”! Until I gathered for them what they said to them in a scattered manner, and brought it to them obviously and plainly, but it was hard on them, and they said, “This is a new religion”! Whereas it is not a new religion, rather is the very first religion, unless by new they mean what they narrate from the Prophet, peace and blessings of God be upon him and his household, that God raises men among them to renew their religion for them[11]; because I renewed their religion for them after it became old, and I do not own anything for them from God, and I am not their guardian.

3 . أَخْبَرَنَا ذَاكِرُ بْنُ مَعْرُوفٍ، قَالَ: سَمِعَ الْمَنْصُورُ قَارِئًا يَقْرَأُ قَوْلَ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى: ﴿يَا دَاوُودُ إِنَّا جَعَلْنَاكَ خَلِيفَةً فِي الْأَرْضِ فَاحْكُمْ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ بِالْحَقِّ وَلَا تَتَّبِعِ الْهَوَى، فَرَفَعَ صَوْتَهُ فَقَالَ: اسْمَعُوا! اسْمَعُوا! إِنَّمَا خَلِيفَةُ اللَّهِ فِي الْأَرْضِ مَنْ يَحْكُمُ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ بِالْحَقِّ وَلَا يَتَّبِعُ الْهَوَى، فَلَا يَغُرَّنَّكُمُ الَّذِينَ يَتَكَلَّفُونَ الْخِلَافَةَ وَهُمْ ظَالِمُونَ! ثُمَّ هَمَسَ فَقَالَ: إِنَّ هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةَ لَا تَعْدِمُ خَلِيفَةً مِثْلَ دَاوُودَ، فَقَدْ قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى: ﴿كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ، وَقَدِ اسْتَخْلَفَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ دَاوُودَ!

Translation:

Zakir ibn Ma’roof al-Khorasani informed us, he said: Mansoor heard a qari recite these words of God Almighty: “O Dawud! We appointed you as a Caliph on the earth, so Judge rightly among people and do not follow your passions”, so he raised his voice and said: Listen! Listen! The Caliph of God on the earth is just one who rules righteously among people and does not follow his passions, so do not let those who claim to be caliphs while they are oppressors deceive you! Then he lowered his voice and said: Indeed, this nation does not lack a Caliph like Dawud; because God has said: “As He appointed those before them as Caliphs”, and He appointed Dawud as a Caliph before them.

4 . أَخْبَرَنَا ذَاكِرُ بْنُ مَعْرُوفٍ الْخُرَاسَانِيُّ، قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِلْمَنْصُورِ: جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ، إِنَّهُمْ يَقُولُونَ: مَا بَالُ صَاحِبِكُمْ يَدْعُو إِلَى رَجُلٍ لَيْسَ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ اسْمُهُ؟! فَغَضِبَ فَقَالَ: كَذَبَ النَّوْكَى! أَلَمْ يَعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ قَالَ لَهُمْ فِي كِتَابِهِ: ﴿أَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ[12] وَلَمْ يَقُلْ لَهُمْ: اثْنَيْنِ وَلَا أَرْبَعًا وَلَا ثَلَاثًا حَتَّى بَيَّنَ لَهُمْ رَسُولُهُ، وَقَالَ لَهُمْ فِي كِتَابِهِ: ﴿وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ[13] وَلَمْ يَقُلْ لَهُمْ: فِي مِائَتَيْنِ خَمْسَةُ دَرَاهِمَ حَتَّى بَيَّنَ لَهُمْ رَسُولُهُ، وَقَالَ لَهُمْ فِي كِتَابِهِ: ﴿وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ[14] وَلَمْ يَقُلْ لَهُمْ: بِالْبَيْتِ سَبْعًا وَبِالصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ سَبْعًا حَتَّى بَيَّنَ لَهُمْ رَسُولُهُ؟! فَكَذَلِكَ قَالَ لَهُمْ فِي كِتَابِهِ: ﴿وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ وَلَيُمَكِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ دِينَهُمُ الَّذِي ارْتَضَى لَهُمْ وَلَيُبَدِّلَنَّهُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ خَوْفِهِمْ أَمْنًا ۚ[15] وَلَمْ يَقُلْ لَهُمْ: بِإِمَامٍ عَادِلٍ مِنْ وُلْدِ فَاطِمَةَ يُقَالُ لَهُ الْمَهْدِيُّ حَتَّى بَيَّنَ لَهُمْ رَسُولُهُ! ثُمَّ قَالَ: مَنِ اسْتَغْنَى بِكِتَابِ اللَّهِ عَنْ سُنَّةِ رَسُولِهِ فَقَدْ فَرَّقَ بَيْنَ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ، وَمَنْ فَرَّقَ بَيْنَ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ فَهُوَ كَافِرٌ حَقًّا، وَذَلِكَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى: ﴿إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَكْفُرُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَيُرِيدُونَ أَنْ يُفَرِّقُوا بَيْنَ اللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَيَقُولُونَ نُؤْمِنُ بِبَعْضٍ وَنَكْفُرُ بِبَعْضٍ وَيُرِيدُونَ أَنْ يَتَّخِذُوا بَيْنَ ذَلِكَ سَبِيلًا ۝ أُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْكَافِرُونَ حَقًّا ۚ وَأَعْتَدْنَا لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَذَابًا مُهِينًا[16]! قُلْتُ: وَمَا يُرِيدُونَ بِقَوْلِهِمْ: ﴿نُؤْمِنُ بِبَعْضٍ وَنَكْفُرُ بِبَعْضٍ؟! قَالَ: يُؤْمِنُونَ بِمَا جَاءَهُمْ عَنِ اللَّهِ وَيَكْفُرُونَ بِمَا جَاءَهُمْ عَنْ رُسُلِهِ!

Translation:

Zakir ibn Ma’roof al-Khorasani informed us, he said: I said to his Honor Mansoor: May I be your sacrifice, they say: What is wrong with your master who invites toward a man whose name is not mentioned in the book of God?! So his Honor became angry and said: The fools lied! Did they not know that God said to them in His Book: “Perform the prayer” and He did not say: two or four or three (rak’ah), until His Prophet explained to them, and in His book said to them: “And pay Zakat” and He did not say: in two hundred (dirhams) five dirhams, until His Prophet explained to them, and in His book said to them: “And pilgrimage to this House is an obligation by God upon people” and He did not say: around the House seven times and in between Safa and Marwa seven times, until His Prophet explained to them?! So in this way He said to them in His Book: “God promised those of you who believed in and did good works that in the future, He will definitely make them Caliph on earth, as He made the past ones of them Caliph, and He will definitely establish the religion which He chose for them, and He will definitely bestow upon them safety after their fear” and He did not say: with a just Imam from the children of Fatima who is called Mahdi, until His Prophet explained to them! Then his Honor said: Whoever considers with the Book of God he is not in need of the Sunnah of His Prophet, he has indeed separated between God and His Prophet, and whoever separates between God and His Prophet is truly a disbeliever, and this is the word of God, the Most High, that has said: “Indeed, those who disbelieve in God and His Prophets and want to separate between God and His Prophets and say we believe in one and disbelieve in the other, and want to take a course between the two; they are indeed disbelievers, and We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment!”. I said: What do they mean by the statement that “we believe in one and disbelieve in the other”?! He said: They believe in what has come to them from God, and they disbelieve in what has come to them from His Prophets!

↑[1] . An-Nur/ 55
↑[2] . Sad/ 26
↑[3] . Al-An’am/ 111
↑[4] . That is, Hasan ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib.
↑[5] . Al-Kattani has considered it a mutawatir narration; because sixteen companions have narrated it from the Messenger of God, peace and blessings of God be upon him and his household, and ibn Mandah has said in his Tadhkarah that twenty four companions have narrated it and has mentioned their names, and it has been said in the explanation of Al-Muwahib al-Ladunniyyah: Hafiz has said that it is a famous narration and some people have considered it mutawatir; because it has been received through twenty four companions, and it has been said in Sharh al-Taqrib of al-Suyuti that it has been received through about thirty companions (See: Nazm al-Mutanathir Min al-Hadith al-Mutawarir by al-Kattani, p. 34)
↑[6] . That is, Saqifah Bani Sa’idah, where a group of the emigrants and the helpers gathered after the demise of the Prophet, in order to choose an emir for people.
↑[7] . Referring to what God has said about the Jews and Christians: ﴿نَسُوا حَظًّا مِمَّا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ﴾ (Al-Ma’idah/ 13 and 14); “They forgot a portion of what they were reminded of”.
↑[8] . This was what the helpers said to the immigrants when the immigrants considered themselves more deserving of government than them (See: Al-Riddah by al-Waqidi, p. 38; Musannaf of Abd al-Razzaq, vol. 6, p. 93; al-Sirah al-Nabawiyyah by ibn Hisham, vol. 2, p. 660; al-Tabaqat al-Kubra by ibn sa’d, vol. 2, pp. 173 and 206, vol. 3, pp. 133, 135, 428, 462; Musannaf of ibn Abu Shaybah, vol. 2, p. 118, vol. 7, p. 431; Musnad of Ahmad, vol. 1, p. 453, vol. 6, p. 309; Sahih of al-Bukhari, vol. 5, p. 6, vol. 8, p. 168; Ansab al-Ashraf by al-Baladhuri, vol. 1, pp. 580 to 584; Sunan of al-Nisa’i, vol. 2, p. 74; History of al-Tabari, vol. 3, pp. 202 to 219, and many other sources).
↑[9] . «فلتة»
↑[10] . And in another narration from him it has been said: “So whoever repeats such a thing, kill him”. See: Musannaf of Abd a-Razzaq, vol. 6, pp. 92 and 94; al-Sirah al-Nabawiyyah by ibn Hisham, vol. 2, p. 658; Musannaf of ibn Abu Shaybah, vol. 7, p. 431; Musnad of Ahmad, vol. 1, p. 451; Sahih of al-Bukhari, vol. 8, p. 168; Ansab al-Ashraf by al-Baladhuri, vol. 1, p. 584; Musnad of al-Bazzar, vol. 1, p. 299; History of al-Ya’qubi, vol. 2, p. 158; al-Sunan al-Kubra by al-Nisa’i, vol. 6, pp. 408 and 410; al-Bad’ wal-Tarikh by al-Maqdidi, vol. 5, p. 190.
↑[11] . Referring to their narration from the Prophet, peace and blessings of God be upon him and his household, in which it has been said: «إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْعَثُ لِهَذِهِ الْأُمَّةِ عَلَى رَأْسِ كُلِّ مِائَةِ سَنَةٍ مَنْ ‌يُجَدِّدُ ‌لَهَا ‌دِينَهَا» (Sunan of Abu Dawud, vol. 4, p. 109; al-Mu’jam al-Awsat by al-Tabarani, vol. 6, p. 323; al-Mustadrak ala al-Sahihain by al-Hakim, vol. 4, p. 567; Ma’rifat al-Sunan wal-Athar by al-Bayhaqi, vol. 1, p. 208); “For this nation, God raises someone every hundred years to renew their religion for them”.
↑[12] . Al-Baqarah/ 110
↑[13] . Al-Baqarah/ 110
↑[14] . Al 'Imran/ 97
↑[15] . An-Nur/ 55
↑[16] . An-Nisa/ 150 and 151
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