Every year, with the approach of the blessed month of Ramadan, the month of worship and self-purification, Muslims begin to strive to become aware of its first day; as with the approach of the month of Shawwal, the question arises among them as to what day is Eid al-Fitr. Undoubtedly, this state, whenever it is due to their desire to start a new worship or complete it with the aim of drawing near to God, is very good and indicates that faith is alive in their hearts in spite of all their flaws and shortcomings, and reminds of the fact that in spite of all their ideological and sectarian disagreements, they are one nation and have many common beliefs and rulings.
Although the disagreement among them about the first and last day of the blessed month of Ramadan, which has become an annual routine, draws attention like a dark spot on the robe of their unity, but complaining about it alone is cold comfort and not useful. The thing that needs to be done is to identify its cause and then provide a solution and take an appropriate practical action to solve it.
The cause of disagreement
Undoubtedly, the cause of Muslims’ disagreement about the first and last day of the blessed month of Ramadan is that on the one hand, most of them are still imitating their scholars or rulers, and on the other hand, their scholars have conflicting jurisprudential opinions and their rulers have different political considerations!
The method of solving the disagreement
The method of solving Muslims’ disagreement is that their scholars from different Islamic madhhabs form a joint commission and, with complete independence from their rulers, after consulting and reviewing the opinions of experts and the reports of observers, issue a single and documentary verdict so that all Muslims around the world act on it.
Is this really difficult?! Or is it considered more expensive than dozens of large organizations that were founded with Islamic titles and huge budgets, and it is not known what they do and what benefit they have for Muslims of the world?!
Certainly not, but unfortunately there is no will to do this simple and inexpensive work; because many influential scholars in the world of Islam still believe that it is necessary to sight the crescent in their countries and it is not useful for Muslims to sight it in another country, or believe that sighting the crescent with the aided eye is not sufficient!
Undoubtedly, this is a scholarly mistake that is the main cause of the disagreement about the beginning and end of the blessed month of Ramadan, and the way to get rid of it is either for these scholars to correct their scholarly mistake with courage and humbleness, or for Muslims to put an end to imitating them so that at least their influence is eliminated and cannot prevent necessary measures such as the formation of a joint commission in the world of Islam in order to determine the first and last day of the blessed month of Ramadan; as Allamah Mansoor Hashemi Khorasani, may God protect him, has spoken in detail about both ways and provided the necessary instructions; because, on the one hand, he has sympathetically explained the scholarly mistake of this group of scholars and emphasized the sufficiency of sighting the crescent once, even with the aided eye, for all Muslims of the world, and on the other hand, he has compassionately called all Muslims of the world to desist from imitation and turn to research, so that the ground for their achieving a blessed unity will be prepared in all aspects.
Yes, there is another great impediment, which is egotism and political disputes of Muslim rulers who have dragged the competition among themselves to religious and worshiping issues, and, with a short-sighted attitude, thought that their benefits exist in political, economic and cultural independence from other Islamic countries, and therefore, they consider any attempt to harmonize with Muslims in other countries as a connection with “foreigners”(!) and a threat to their security and survival!
Undoubtedly, this is another consequence of the sovereignty of oppressors over Islamic countries, and the only way to get rid of it is one thing: To take the sovereignty from them and give it to its true owner, Imam Mahdi, peace be upon him, which will be done either with their consent and cooperation or with their reluctance and resistance; however, it will be done in either case, and there is no escape from it; as Allamah Mansoor Hashemi Khorasani, may God protect him, has spoken about it in detail and provided the necessary instructions; because on the one hand, he has encouraged Muslim rulers to give up power and take effective and obvious steps to prepare the ground for the advent of Imam Mahdi, peace be upon him, and on the other hand, he has invited Muslim nations to put pressure on their rulers and, if necessary, to overthrow them in favor of Imam Mahdi, peace be upon him, so that the way for their achieving unity and the realization of the Islamic ideal will be paved in all aspects.
What must be done today?
These are medium-term or long-term ways that must be followed by the efforts of those who are preparing the ground for the advent of Imam Mahdi, peace be upon him, under the leadership of Allamah Mansoor Hashemi Khorasani, may God protect him; but the short-term way, which determines the responsibly of Muslims today regarding the blessed month of Ramadan, is to ignore the announcements of rulers and to abandon imitating scholars who consider it necessary to sight the crescent in their country or believe that sighting the crescent with the aided eye is not sufficient; because imitating them is the cause of disagreements among Muslims, but rather Muslims, even though they are imitators in religious matters, must not imitate in determining the first or last day of lunar months; because determining the first or last day of lunar months is not deducing a ruling of Sharia to require special preludes and be within the competence of scholars, but the acquisition of information about an objective and external matter that is obtained by sighting the crescent with one’s own eyes or by knowing about others’ sighting it, which even ordinary people who are not Muslims are able to do so; as even the Arabs of the time of ignorance used to do so, whereas they neither had access to the observation facilities of today nor would they know about sighting the crescent in distant lands!
Therefore, Muslim brothers and sisters, if they are really concerned about becoming aware of the first and last day of the blessed month of Ramadan, must put aside laziness and instead of looking at the mouths of scholars who have wrong jurisprudential opinions and rulers who have unknown political motives, carry out research themselves; in this way that if they live in open spaces with clear skies or have access to common observation facilities such as cameras and telescopes, they should go to a high and suitable place near sunset and strive to sight the crescent on the horizon, and if it is difficult for them to do so, they should visit reliable websites which, without political or sectarian considerations and only by relying on astronomical studies, publish the reports and documents about the sighting of the crescent, and then compare their reports with each other until they become sure of sighting the crescent somewhere in the world.
All of these Muslim brothers and sisters, whether those who personally observe or those who research the reports and documents about the sighting of the crescent, can send us the result, so that if it is correct and certain, we will inform other people as well. This is a worthy and useful work which all Muslim brothers and sisters are expected to do, except for those who are engaged in doing something necessary during this period and are not able to observe or research personally, or live in an inappropriate place and are not able to read nor do they have access to the internet; because they can use the result of researches of their Muslim brothers and sisters, which will be published on this website.
We hope that laziness, passivity and imitation will disappear from among Muslims and make room for vitality, efforts and researches; because the Islamic nation needs such a transformation and reform more than ever in order to become ready for the advent of Imam Mahdi, peace be upon him.
Conditions for proving the sighting of the crescent moon
according to the office of Allamah Mansoor Hashemi Khorasani, may God protect him
According to the office of Allamah Mansoor Hashemi Khorasani, may God protect him, the sighting of the crescent moon is proved only by the following two conditions:
1. The possibility of sighting the crescent in the opinion of Muslim experts and astronomers
This means that if sighting the crescent at a time or place is not possible according to Muslim experts and astronomers, then the claim of sighting the crescent at it does not lead to certainty. Of course, if in their opinion, it is possible to see the crescent at it with the aided eye, the reports of sighting the crescent at it with the aided eye is acceptable.
2. Publication of the reports of sighting the crescent by at least two Islamic countries with a valid video or photo
This means that if the reports of sighting the crescent are not received from an Islamic country, or are received from only one Islamic country, or from two or more Islamic countries but without a video or photo attached that has the name and signature of the observer and the date of observation, sighting the crescent cannot be proved. Therefore, if sighting the crescent in the world of Islam is not proved, sighting it in the world of disbelief, even with videos and photos, will not be provable; because the management of affairs in the world of disbelief is in the hands of disbelievers, and Muslims over there are under their control and domination and may have to follow their laws and policies, and therefore, neither the active observation centers in it are considered reliable, nor Muslims who personally carry out the observation in it are known and trusted. In other words, the principle in Islamic countries is based on correctness and honesty, and in non-Islamic countries on incorrectness and dishonesty, and this raises doubts about the reports received from non-Islamic countries and the validity of photos and videos published in them.