Translation of the letter:
In the name of Allah the beneficent the most merciful
Oh my God and God of my fathers those who passed! And God of skies raised by pillars which cannot be seen! And God of ablaze sun and shining moon and abundant stars! And God of extended lands which some are on the top of some others and are attached together by some nails! And God of deep and widespread oceans and whatever is floating on and in them! And God of great seas with raging waves and beautiful islands and sandy beaches and rivers which pour at them! And God of high mountains with snowy peaks and steep slopes and dark valleys and dangerous headlands and big rocks which are put next to them! And God of lush forests with dense trees and dark deeps and every creature which is moving in them! And God of vast deserts with waterless area and eroded soil and sifted shrubs and sand storms which are blowing on them!...
Translation of the saying:
A number of our helpers informed us and said: his honor Mansoor Hashemi Khorasani came to a village to invite its residents toward God and His Caliph on earth; He was so welcomed among the residents of the village and he was their guest for three days, when he was about to leave them, they rushed toward him and surrounded him and they said: Oh you friend of God! Give us some advice before you leave; because we have not heard anything other than wisdom from you and your words shake the rocks! So he stood up on the bump edge of a pool so that everyone could see him and then he said:
“Oh you people! Be informed that no treasure is more beneficial for you than knowledge and people are one of three types: one who knows, one who intends to learn and one who is not anyone. Oh you people! Do not drown into your lives and do not remain unaware of what is going on with your world and your hereafter...
Translation of the lesson:
But the seventh narration is that which Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Bābawayh [Died in 381 AH] has narrated in the book of “Kamāl al-Din wa Tamām al-Ni’mah” (in this way that) has said: Muhammad ibn Hasan ibn Ahmad ibn Walid may God be pleased with him, narrated to us, he said: Sa’d ibn Abdullah narrated to us, from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isā, from Abbās ibn Ma’ruf, from Ibrahim ibn Mahziār, from his brother Ali ibn Mahziār, from Hasan ibn Bashshār al-Wāsiti that said:
Husayn ibn Khālid, while I was present, said to Ridhā — meaning Ali ibn Musā — peace be upon him: Does the earth remain empty of Imam? So he said: No.
Mansoor may God protect him, said: Ibrahim ibn Mahziār is accepted by them, and this phrase has been narrated through other than him from Ja’far ibn Muhammad peace be upon them.
Please explain about imitation and its position in Islam.
A very important rule that every Muslim must know and pay attention to, is lack of authority of conjecture in Islam. Almighty God has emphasized in different verses of Quran: ﴿إِنَّ الظَّنَّ لَا يُغْنِي مِنَ الْحَقِّ شَيْئًا﴾ which means “Undoubtedly, suspicion does not reveal anything from the truth” and has blamed some people for following conjecture and has said: ﴿إِنْ يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ وَإِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا يَخْرُصُونَ﴾ which means “They do not follow anything but conjecture and do nothing but conjecture”! This means that beliefs and deeds of Muslims must always be based on certainty and a belief and deed which is based on conjecture is not right and acceptable by God. This is while, imitating others in beliefs and deeds, meaning following their words and deeds without knowing their reasons, will only cause conjecture unanimously by all Muslims and will not cause certainty...
In the subject of imitation, how can we answer the 122nd verse of Surah At-Tawbah? Thank you very much.
In verse 122 of blessed Surah of At-Tawbah, it has been said: ﴿وَمَا كَانَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ لِيَنْفِرُوا كَافَّةً ۚ فَلَوْلَا نَفَرَ مِنْ كُلِّ فِرْقَةٍ مِنْهُمْ طَائِفَةٌ لِيَتَفَقَّهُوا فِي الدِّينِ وَلِيُنْذِرُوا قَوْمَهُمْ إِذَا رَجَعُوا إِلَيْهِمْ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَحْذَرُونَ﴾; “And believers were not those who migrate altogether (toward the Prophet), so why not from each group of them some migrate to learn about the religion and to warn their own nation when they return, so that they may beware”. It is clear that this blessed verse is not related to “imitating the scholars”, but rather it is related to the narrations of the narrators from the Prophet peace be upon him and his household; as all the people of the knowledge, have mentioned this verse is one of the proofs for authority of narrations; although contrary to what they think, it only implies on the authority of Mutawatir narrations from his Excellency or merely narrations of him for the people of his time;...
Recently a challenging book with new thinking style in the field of knowledge about Islam with the title “Return to Islam” written by “Mansoor Hashemi Khorasani” has been spread among the Muslim elites and thinkers and it has had various reactions. The content of this book, which has been written in an academic and argumentative manner and with reliance upon Islamic certitudes and certainties of all Muslims from different sects, is criticism of official and common version of Islam and presentation of a distinct and beyond sectarian version with the title “complete and pure Islam”.
Author in this book, first explains cognition criterion and considers necessity, unity and self-evidence as three characteristics for it and after plenteous further investigation, considers intellect as its instance and emphasizes that all cognitions inevitably should be concluded with intellect. But he recognizes intellect, different from philosophy and he believes that cognition criterion is the wisdom intellect...