Translation of the letter:
I am a will-wishing brother for you. I call you to distinguish the truth from falsehood so that you do not perish, and I invite to recognize the truthful person from a liar so that you do not remain in loss; because you have always been in loss from the first day up to now; as your Lord has said: ﴿إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَفِي خُسْرٍ﴾ and your deliverance from loss is contingent upon two things, as flying of birds in the sky is contingent on two wings, and the two things are verily faith and righteous deed; as He has said: ﴿إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ﴾.
But faith is to believe in the truth and disbelieve in falsehood and this is achieved only by recognizing the truth and falsehood, and but righteous deed is nothing but practicing the prerequisites of the truth and abstaining from the prerequisites of falsehood, and this also is achieved only by recognizing the truth and falsehood. Therefore, recognizing the truth and falsehood is the foundation of faith and righteous deed and these two begin with cognition...
Translation of the saying:
A number of our helpers informed us and said: his honor Mansoor Hashemi Khorasani came to a village to invite its residents toward God and His Caliph on earth; He was so welcomed among the residents of the village and he was their guest for three days, when he was about to leave them, they rushed toward him and surrounded him and they said: Oh you friend of God! Give us some advice before you leave; because we have not heard anything other than wisdom from you and your words shake the rocks! So he stood up on the bump edge of a pool so that everyone could see him and then he said:
“Oh you people! Be informed that no treasure is more beneficial for you than knowledge and people are one of three types: one who knows, one who intends to learn and one who is not anyone. Oh you people! Do not drown into your lives and do not remain unaware of what is going on with your world and your hereafter...
Translation of the lesson:
But the tenth narration is that which Ali ibn Bābawayh [Died in 329 AH] has narrated in the book of “al-Imāmah wa al-Tabsirah”, from Sa’d ibn Abdullah, from Muhammad ibn Isā, from Safwān ibn Yahyā, from ibn Muskān, from Hasan ibn Ziyād, from Abu Abdullah — meaning Ja’far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq — peace be upon him that said:
People are not ordered and the earth does not get reformed except by the Imam.
Mansoor may God protect him, said: We believe in this and invite toward this, and he said: The situation of people will always get worse until they return toward the Imam whom God has commanded them to obey.
Please explain about imitation and its position in Islam.
A very important rule that every Muslim must know and pay attention to, is lack of authority of conjecture in Islam. Almighty God has emphasized in different verses of Quran: ﴿إِنَّ الظَّنَّ لَا يُغْنِي مِنَ الْحَقِّ شَيْئًا﴾ which means “Undoubtedly, suspicion does not reveal anything from the truth” and has blamed some people for following conjecture and has said: ﴿إِنْ يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ وَإِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا يَخْرُصُونَ﴾ which means “They do not follow anything but conjecture and do nothing but conjecture”! This means that beliefs and deeds of Muslims must always be based on certainty and a belief and deed which is based on conjecture is not right and acceptable by God. This is while, imitating others in beliefs and deeds, meaning following their words and deeds without knowing their reasons, will only cause conjecture unanimously by all Muslims and will not cause certainty...
1 . if Zakat was to be forbidden for Bani Hashim, would God not emphasize on it in the Quranic verses? This family did not accept Zakat in the beginning era of Islam, was that not a sign of their piety and contentment?
2 . Prove that the three-sixth of the Khums which is given to orphans and the needy and wayfarers, all of them must be from the Hashemi’s family.
3 . Is paying Khums and Zakat in accordance with other Quranic judicial commands whose establishments are contingent upon rulership of Caliph of God on earth?
The answers to your questions are as follows:
1 . Zakat is forbidden for Bani Hashim based on the Mutawatir Sunnah and it is unanimously consented among Muslims of all sects; such as people like Sharif Murtaza, Ja’far ibn Hassan, known as Muhaqiq Helli,...
Recently a challenging book with new thinking style in the field of knowledge about Islam with the title “Return to Islam” written by “Mansoor Hashemi Khorasani” has been spread among the Muslim elites and thinkers and it has had various reactions. The content of this book, which has been written in an academic and argumentative manner and with reliance upon Islamic certitudes and certainties of all Muslims from different sects, is criticism of official and common version of Islam and presentation of a distinct and beyond sectarian version with the title “complete and pure Islam”.
Author in this book, first explains cognition criterion and considers necessity, unity and self-evidence as three characteristics for it and after plenteous further investigation, considers intellect as its instance and emphasizes that all cognitions inevitably should be concluded with intellect. But he recognizes intellect, different from philosophy and he believes that cognition criterion is the wisdom intellect...