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Introductions; Knowledge; Necessity of and how to gaining knowledge (Ijtihad)
In sciences and techniques such as engineering, agriculture, management, economics, etc., in which different hypotheses, theories, principles and rules exist or are presented, usually a consensus of group of experts for proving the presented theories is acceptable. The question is, whether in these types of science, similar to beliefs and religious laws, one should refer to the Caliph of God? Is consensus problematic in these cases as well?
Introductions; Knowledge; Impediments to gaining knowledge; Imitation
I have a question. In the time of Prophet and his successors, some people lived in distant locations from them and did not have access to them to learn their religion and ask their questions. So, the Prophet and his successors appointed a representative in that city or area and people learned their religion from him. Now here is the question: Was the appointed person infallible? Was it impossible for him to give a wrong answer? So, how is it that people did not go astray? How did the guidance of God reach people by the means of a fallible person without deficiency and shortcoming?