Tuesday October 20, 2020 AD Rabi' al-awwal 3, 1442 AH
Mansoor Hashemi Khorasani
(73) In the view of Mansoor Hashemi Khorasani, a unit system with connected parts best exemplifies Islam and if one part in the system does not work, other parts will also lose their functionality and the whole system will stop its functionality too. Therefore, Muslims do not have any choice other than practicing the complete Islam purely and this is a task that can be done under teachings of the God’s Caliph only. (Article 1)
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Question & Answer
 

Is it possible to pray Salah with Friday ghusl and other obligatory and recommended ghusls?

What is the law on performing wudhu after ghusl of janābah[1] or ghusls that suffice from wudhu? Is it futile? What does it mean?

The truth is that performing ghusl of janābah is sufficient for praying Salah and after it, there is no need for performing wudhu, and this is based on the appearance of the book of God that has said: ﴿يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَقْرَبُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَنْتُمْ سُكَارَىٰ حَتَّىٰ تَعْلَمُوا مَا تَقُولُونَ وَلَا جُنُبًا إِلَّا عَابِرِي سَبِيلٍ حَتَّىٰ تَغْتَسِلُوا ۚ﴾[2]; “O you who believed! Do not approach Salah when you are drunk until you know what you say, and nor when you are junub, except to cross a path, until you perform ghusl”, considering that performing ghusl is considered as the utmost of forbiddenness of approaching the prayer during janābah, and its meaning is the permission to approach the prayer after performing ghusl of janābah and with this description, it is not obligatory to perform wudhu for prayer after performing ghusl of janābah, rather it is considered as effort to acquire what is already acquired.

But is ghusl of other than janābah sufficient for the prayer? The truth is that yes; because certainly, that which nullifies (wudhu) resulting from janābah is more severe, and whenever ghusl of it is sufficient for prayer, ghusl of other than it will be sufficient with stronger reason, and this is the saying of the Ahl al-Bayt of the Prophet peace and blessings of God be upon him and his household, and the saying of many companions and followers; as one of our helpers informed us, he said:

«سَمِعْتُ الْمَنْصُورَ الْهاشِمِيَّ الْخُراسانِيَّ يَقُولُ: الْغُسْلُ الْوُضُوءُ الْأَكْبَرُ! قُلْتُ: إِنَّهُمْ يَقُولُونَ لا يُجْزِي عَنِ الْوُضُوءِ إِلَّا الْغُسْلُ مِنَ الْجَنابَةِ! قالَ: سُبْحانَ اللَّهِ! أَيُجْزِي الْغُسْلُ مِنَ الْجَنابَةِ وَلا يُجْزِي الْغُسْلُ مِنَ الْحَدَثِ الْأَصْغَرِ؟! أَفَلا يَعْقِلُونَ؟!»; “I heard his Honor Mansoor Hashemi Khorasani saying: Ghusl is the greater wudhu! I said: They say it does not suffice from wudhu, except for the ghusl of janābah! He said: Glory be to God! Is ghusl of janābah sufficient and ghusl of a smaller which nullifies is not sufficient?! So do they not use the intellect?!”.

With this description, performing wudhu after performing ghusl is a futile work, rather adherence to it is considered as invented heresy and obsession; as one of our helpers informed us, he said:

«سَمِعْتُ الْعالِمَ يَقُولُ: الْوُضُوءُ بَعْدَ الْغُسْلِ بِدْعَةُ الْمُتَكَلِّفِينَ!»; “I heard the scholar saying: performing wudhu after performing ghusl is the invented heresy of Mutakalifs[3]!

Yes, it has no problem to perform wudhu before performing ghusl; as one of our helpers informed us, he said:

«كُنْتُ أَتَوَضَّأُ بَعْدَ الْغُسْلِ لِما أَجِدُ فِي نَفْسِي فَأَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَسْأَلَهُ فَنَسِيتُ فَلَمّا دَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ قالَ لِي: لَعَلَّكَ تَتَوَضَّأُ بَعْدَ الْغُسْلِ! قُلْتُ: نَعَمْ وَأَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَسْئَلَكَ فَنَسِيتُ! قالَ: فَلا تَفْعَلْ فَإِنْ أَبَيْتَ إِلّا أَنْ تَفْعَلَ فَتَوَضَّأْ قَبْلَ الْغُسْلِ لا بَعْدَهُ فَإِنَّ الْوُضُوءَ بَعْدَ الْغُسْلِ إِسْرافٌ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لا يُحِبُّ الْمُسْرِفِينَ!»; “Because of what I found in my heart, I performed wudhu after performing ghusl, so I wanted to ask his Excellency about it, but I forgot, so when I reached him, he said to me: Maybe you perform wudhu after ghusl! I said: Yes and I wanted to ask you, but I forgot! He said: Do not (do this), so if you do not want (to do anything) other than it, then perform wudhu before performing ghusl and not after it; because performing wudhu after performing ghusl is squander, and God does not like the ones who squander”!

↑[1] . [Translator note: Ritually impurity due to sexual intercourse or seminal discharge. To be in such a state is called “junub”.]
↑[2] . An-Nisa’/ 43
↑[3] . [Translator note: Mutakallif is referred to someone who undertakes a work and puts himself in hardship.]
The website for the office of Mansoor Hashemi Khorasani The section for answering questions
Appendices
Sub-questions & answers
Sub-question 1
Author: Saeed Ghaderi
Date: 31/07/2019

Please explain more about the adequacy of ghusl for wudhu. Is it correct to pray with every ghusl? That is, every time we go to the bath, can we have the intention of ghusl and pray with it without performing wudhu?

Answer to
sub-question 1
Date: 04/08/2019

Many narrations about the adequacy of ghusl for wudhu have been received; such as the narration from Aisha in which has been said: «إِنّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَانَ لا يَتَوَضَّأُ بَعْدَ الْغُسْلِ»[1]; “The Prophet peace and blessings of God be upon him and his household, did not perform wudhu after ghusl” and her other narration in which has been said: «كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَغْتَسِلُ وَيُصَلِّي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ وَيُصَلِّي الْغَدَاةَ وَلا أَرَاهُ يُحْدِثُ وُضُوءًا بَعْدَ الْغُسْلِ»[2]; “The Messenger of God peace and blessings of God be upon him and his household, performed ghusl and performed two Rak’ats and performed the prayer of the morning, and I did not see him performing wudhu after ghusl” and the narration of Anas and ibn Abbas from the Messenger of God peace and blessings of God be upon him and his household, in which has been said: «لَيْسَ مِنَّا مَنْ تَوَضَّأَ بَعْدَ الْغُسْلِ»[3]; “Anyone who performs wudhu after ghusl is not from us” and the narration of ibn Umar in which has been said: «إنّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ سُئِلَ عَنِ الْوُضُوءِ بَعْدَ الْغُسْلِ، فَقَالَ: وَأَيُّ وُضُوءٍ أَفْضَلُ مِنَ الْغُسْلِ؟!»[4]; “They asked the Prophet peace and blessings of God be upon him and his household, about wudhu after ghusl, then he said: Which wudhu is better than ghusl?!” and the narration of Muhammad ibn Muslim from Abu Ja’far Baqir peace be upon him, in which has been said: «الْغُسْلُ يُجْزِي عَنِ الْوُضُوءِ وأَيُّ وُضُوءٍ أَطْهَرُ مِنَ الْغُسْلِ؟!»[5]; “Ghusl suffices from wudhu, and which wudhu is more pure than ghusl?!” and the narration of Ammar Sabati in which has been said: «سُئِلَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ إِذَا اغْتَسَلَ مِنْ جَنابَتِهِ، أَوْ يَوْمَ جُمُعَةٍ، أَوْ يَوْمَ عِيدٍ، هَلْ عَلَيْهِ الْوُضُوءُ قَبْلَ ذٰلِكَ أَوْ بَعْدَهُ؟ فَقالَ: لا، لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ قَبْلُ وَلا بَعْدُ قَدْ أَجْزَأَهُ الْغُسْلُ، وَالْمَرْأَةُ مِثْلُ ذٰلِكَ إِذَا اغْتَسَلَتْ مِنْ حَيْضٍ أَوْ غَيْرِ ذٰلِكَ، فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهَا الْوُضُوءُ لا قَبْلُ ولا بَعْدُ، قَدْ أَجْزَأَهَا الْغُسْلُ»[6]; “They asked Abu Abdillhah Sadiq peace be upon him, about a man who performs ghusl of janābah, or on Friday, or on the day of Eid, is it on him to perform wudhu before or after it? He said: No, it is not on him before or after it, ghusl is sufficient for him, and woman is also the same, whenever she performs ghusl of menstruation or any other thing, wudhu is not on her, not before nor after, ghusl is sufficient for her” and the narration of Soleyman ibn Khalid from Abu Ja’far Baqir and the narration of Abdillah ibn Soleyman from Abu Abdillah Sadiq peace be upon them, in which has been said: «الْوُضُوءُ بَعْدَ الْغُسْلِ بِدْعَةٌ»[7]; “wudhu after ghusl is invented heresy” and this is the saying of many companions and followers[8], and it is accepted from this aspect that it is compatible with the book of God; because the book of God has considered ghusl as the eliminator of the larger which nullifies (wudhu), and with this description, it eliminates the smaller which nullifies with stronger reason, and this is from the aspect of analogy of priority, which is considered an intellectual law; given that the intention of wudhu is “purity for becoming devoted to God”; as He has said: ﴿مَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيَجْعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنْ حَرَجٍ وَلَٰكِنْ يُرِيدُ لِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ﴾[9]; “God does not want to lay upon you any hardship, but He wants to purify you” and this intention is achieved -in the best possible way- by ghusl; as He has said: ﴿وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ جُنُبًا فَاطَّهَّرُوا ۚ﴾[10]; “And if you are junub, purify yourselves” means perform ghusl, rather perhaps it is from the aspect of emergence of the word in the agreeing concept; because considering ghusl of janābah sufficient for wudhu means that ghusl is sufficient for wudhu; in the sense that both remove that which nullifies; especially considering that ghusl of janābah is not different from other ghusls; because the quality of all of them is the same and the intention of becoming devoted (to God) exists in all of them.

Yes, ghuls that have no religious cause are not without differences; because no obligatory or recommended order has reached them and with this description, performing them is not considered obedience and has not the aspect of following the Prophet or his righteous and guided caliphs; regardless of the fact that the limitation of the word ghusl in the religion to the conventional and famous religious ghusls is not unlikely. Hence, the obligatory precaution is to perform wudhu before causeless ghusls; contrary to the ghusls that the religion has deemed them obligatory or recommended, and they are in the following order:

1. Ghusl of janābah

2. Ghusl of menstruation

3. Ghusl of puerperium

4. Ghusl of Istihadhah (bleeding between periods)

5. Ghusl of touching a dead body

6. Ghusl of Friday

7. Ghusl of Eid al-Fitr

8. Ghusl of Eid al-Adha

9. Ghusl of Ihram[11] for Hajj or Umrah

10. Ghusl of repentance from disbelief

11. Ghusl of the nineteenth, twenty-first and twenty-third nights of Ramadan

12. Ghusl of the day of Arafah

13. Ghusl of entering Mecca and Medina

14. Ghusl of entering Masjid al-Haram and Masjid an-Nabawi peace and blessings of God be upon him and his household

15. Ghusl due to solar eclipse and lunar eclipse to perform punctual or missed prayer of the signs

16. Ghusl of Istisqa’[12]

17. Ghusl after regaining consciousness from anesthesia

These are the ghusls about which authentic and well-known narrations have been found in the sources of the two sects, and therefore, one can consider them obligatory or recommended and does not perform wudhu before them, although there are other ghusls that have been narrated that there is nothing wrong with performing them in the hope of being recommended; such as ghusl of the first night and the night of the seventeenth of Ramadan and ghusl of the eighth day of Dhu al-Hijjah and ghusl of Istikharah and ghusl of Mubāhala and ghusl of Hājāt prayer, but it is better to perform wudhu before them; as the obligatory precaution is to perform wudhu before ghusls about which no narration has been received and performing them is not with the intention of obeying or following.

↑[1] . Musnad At-Tialisi, page 198; Musnad Ahmad, vol 6, page 68; Sunan At-Tirmidhi, vol 1, page 72; Sunan An-Nisa’I, vol 1, page 137; Musnad Abi Ya’la, vol 8, page 25; Mustadrak al-Hakim, vol 1, page 135
↑[2] . Musnad ibn Rahwayh, vol 3, page 857; Musnad Ahmad, vol 6, page 154; Sunan Abi Davud, vol 1, page 63; Mustadrak al-Hakim, vol 1, page 153; Sunan al-Bayhaghi, vol 1, page 179
↑[3] . Ramhurmuzi, al-Hadd al-Fasil, page 345; Tabarani, al-Ma’jam al-Awsat, vol 3, page 243; ibid, al-Ma’jam al-Kabir, vol 11, page 286
↑[4] . Mustadrak al-Hakim, vol 1, page 154; من وافق اسمه اسم أبيه للأزدي, vol 1, page 26
↑[5] . Tusi, Tahdhib al-Ahkam, vol 1, page 139
↑[6] . Tusi, Tahdhib al-Ahkam, vol 1, page 141
↑[7] . Kulayni, al-Kafi, vol 3, page 45; Tusi, Tahdhib al-Ahkam, vol 1, page 140
↑[8] . See: Musannaf Abd ar-Razzaq, vol 1, page 270; Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, vol 1, page 88; Sunan At-Tirmidhi, vol 1, page 72
↑[9] . Al-Ma’idah / 6
↑[10] . Al-Ma’idah / 6
↑[11] . [Translator note: Ihram in Islam is a sacred state which a Muslim must enter in order to perform the major pilgrimage (Ḥajj) or the minor pilgrimage (Umrah).]
↑[12] . [Translator note: Istisqa’ Means seeking water or rain from God.]
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